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Teams beginning to use pair-programming often struggle because of poor workstation configuration as they attempt to use their individual programming space. There is more to it than merely adding a second chair. Take a moment to review Pair Programming Smells
and recall that there are physical limitations as well as psychological limitations to overcome.Chairs sit comfortably side-by-side so developers can have equal access. If either person is physically limited from grabbing the keyboard and mouse, then the setup is wrong. Pair programming is about sharing the editing of code together. It is necessary that both have equal access. Beware corners: if you have a monitor in desk/cubicle corner, then necessarily one person has better access than the other and pairing breaks down.
Add an extra monitor (or two!), preferably a nice, thin LCD or plasma screen. An extra monitor can be placed where the pair members can both see it equally well. A thin screen doesn't need a desk corner. Also, all of the annoying popups (mail, chat, etc) can be placed on the monitor where the code is not displayed, where it can be ignored. Finally, it is useful to run a countdown timer on one screen while programming on the other, to enable pomodoro-like techniques. Pairing is best done in time boxes with regular breaks.
Get some USB keyboard(s) for pairing. You should have a comfortable keyboard with a long cord. If one of you requires/prefers an ergonomic keyboard, then carrying around their favorite keyboard is a reasonable concession.
One mouse per keyboard is best. This is again about equal access for editing.
Get docking stations for notebook computers because shoving the computer back and forth is a pain, and because docking stations can give you extra USB ports and VGA ports. There really is not a lot of cost involved, and it really helps keep the pairing "fair".
Pens, scrap paper, and index cards should be in reach. You might be surprised how often you need to take a note now and come back as soon as the code is passing all the tests again. With two people, there are more ideas to choose from, and each learns tricks from the other. Writing things down allows each partner to process it when he is not pairing.
IDE/editor of choice with shared configuration is a contentious bit. We need to use the same tools if we are to have equal access for editing. In some teams, the emacs/vim/eclipse/scite wars will erupt, but it is better if the team chooses and all members learn to get by in the chosen environment. If they won't decide which editor to use, how are they going to make group decisions about design and architecture? It is better to learn use an "inferior" editor than to have to wrestle the editing environment from each other several times a session. When it comes to coding standards and standard editors, it is a good practice to "be a sport" and choose to make the team work better even if it will cost you a little in the short term.
Pair programming is not a utopian practice. Some people don't enjoy it at first, and some never warm up to it. Regardless, it makes the code better. If your team wants to make the code better through pair-programming, then it is important that their attempts are not hobbled by a poor workstation configuration. For a little bit of money, a leader can make a big difference in the way a company puts out software.
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